Month High Low Last Chg
Dec '16 352'4 344'4 352'4 6'0
Mar '17 359'6 351'2 359'4 6'0
May '17 366'4 358'0 366'2 6'0
Jul '17 373'4 365'0 373'4 5'6
Sep '17 380'0 372'2 380'2 5'2
Dec '17 388'6 380'6 388'4 5'2
Month High Low Last Chg
Jan '17 1039'4 1021'4 1037'4 10'4
Mar '17 1050'2 1032'0 1048'4 10'6
May '17 1058'0 1039'6 1056'2 11'0
Jul '17 1063'0 1045'0 1061'6 11'2
Aug '17 1058'0 1046'2 1059'0 11'2
Sep '17 1040'6 1026'4 1040'4 11'6
Nov '17 1026'4 1007'4 1025'0 12'0
Month High Low Last Chg
Dec '16 395'4 8'4
Mar '17 414'2 400'6 413'4 8'6
May '17 425'6 412'6 425'2 9'0
Jul '17 438'0 425'2 437'4 9'0
Month High Low Last Chg
Dec '16 108.975 107.400 108.725 -0.325
Feb '17 110.800 109.100 110.525 -0.125
Month High Low Last Chg
Mar '17 71.81 70.30 70.80 -0.62
May '17 72.09 70.75 71.11 -0.58
Jul '17 71.96 70.75 70.99 -0.55
DTN Click here for info on Exchange delays.
Nebraska Specialty Crop Projects Receive Funding from USDA Grant Program
LINCOLN - From popcorn and peas to honey and hops, specialty crops are an important part of Nebraska?s agriculture industry. Sixteen specialty crop projects are set to receive more than $620,000 in funding as part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture?s (USDA) Specialty Crop Block Grant Program (SCBGP). Administered by the Nebraska Department of Agriculture (NDA), the state?s program supports research, development and marketing of specialty crops.
A tough, challenging Winter pattern ahead
During the early to middle part of next week, another strong surge of cold air will engulf much of the nation. Cold weather will be especially prominent across the Plains and the northern U.S., with lingering mild conditions expected in Florida and the Southwest. Several waves of wintry precipitation will affect the northern half of the nation, starting Friday in the Northwest. During the weekend and early next week, snow will spread across the northern Plains, Midwest, and Northeast. Continue reading A tough, challenging Winter pattern ahead at Brownfield Ag News.      
Be Sure to stop by the Aurora Service Center for our December ...
Be Sure to stop by the Aurora Service Center for our December Specials!>
Aurora Cooperative is working with local schools and communities to ...
Aurora Cooperative is working with local schools and communities to keep everyone warm this winter! Thanks Tiffany & Rocky for your efforts. http://ow.ly/GRyT306UMeX>
How important is field identification and control of suspected ...
How important is field identification and control of suspected herbicide-resistant weeds? Come and listen to Dr. Jason Norsworthy to find out! Friday, December 16th Younes Conference Center - Kearney, NE 9:00 a.m. ? 1:00 p.m. ? Lunch provided RSVP using the link below or to your local Aurora Cooperative Agronomist: http://bit.do/AuroraSignup>
Aurora Cooperative is representing at the Lincoln farm show this ...
Aurora Cooperative is representing at the Lincoln farm show this week. You can find us in booth 1011 where you can Register to win some amazing prizes for your farm/ranch.>
What are the best management practices for herbicide resistance? ...
What are the best management practices for herbicide resistance? Come and listen to Dr. Jason Norsworthy to find out! Friday, December 16th - Younes Conference Center - Kearney, NE 9:00 a.m. ? 1:00 p.m. ? Lunch provided RSVP using the link below or to your local Aurora Cooperative Agronomist: http://ow.ly/w0up306P3p8>
Come join us for Dinner, December 9th in Bertrand as we Thank You for ...
Come join us for Dinner, December 9th in Bertrand as we Thank You for your support!>
Come join us at the Dannebrog Fire hall on December 7 for lunch!
Come join us at the Dannebrog Fire hall on December 7 for lunch!>
Don't forget to stop into the Aurora Service Center for Black Friday ...
Don't forget to stop into the Aurora Service Center for Black Friday Specials!>
Happy Thanksgiving to our Owners, Employees and Families today! ...
Happy Thanksgiving to our Owners, Employees and Families today! Wishing everyone a blessed holiday!>
Sneak peak at your Aurora Service Center Black Friday Specials!
Sneak peak at your Aurora Service Center Black Friday Specials!>
Many of our southern grain elevators are now delivery points for NK ...
Many of our southern grain elevators are now delivery points for NK Ethanol Grower Advantage Commercial Corn! This includes Harvard, Clay Center, Geneva, Sedan, Ong, Byron, Hubbell, Superior, Republic, and Hardy. Contact your local Aurora Cooperative Grain or Agronomy location to learn how you can earn a $0.10 premium on your Bushels next fall!>
Do you know whats going on below the surface of your soils? At Aurora ...
Do you know whats going on below the surface of your soils? At Aurora Cooperative we are responsible to helping our Owners be more knowledgeable about their soils fertility along with the recommendations that will have the greatest ROI? Find out how You can Take Control of your Yields Through our Yield and Data Advantage Technology.>
Do you know whats going on below the surface of your soils? At Aurora ...
Do you know whats going on below the surface of your soils? At Aurora Cooperative we are responsible to helping our Owners be more knowledgeable about their soils fertility along with the recommendations that will have the greatest ROI? Find out how You can Take Control of your Yields Through our Yield and Data Advantage Technology.>
We are in booth #207 at the Gateway Farm Expo! Stop and see us to ...
We are in booth #207 at the Gateway Farm Expo! Stop and see us to register for the drawing!>
Are you up to date on the Governor's Trade Mission to China? Check ...
Are you up to date on the Governor's Trade Mission to China? Check it out here: http://auroracoop.com/Grain>
Nebraska Specialty Crop Projects Receive Funding from USDA Grant Program
LINCOLN - From popcorn and peas to honey and hops, specialty crops are an important part of Nebraska?s agriculture industry. Sixteen specialty crop projects are set to receive more than $620,000 in funding as part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture?s (USDA) Specialty Crop Block Grant Program (SCBGP). Administered by the Nebraska Department of Agriculture (NDA), the state?s program supports research, development and marketing of specialty crops.
EPA Nominee Has Opposed RFS, WOTUS, Greenhouse Gas Regulations
Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt, who has led legal challenges to the Obama administration's "waters of the United States rule" and greenhouse gas regulations, has been tapped by President-elect Donald Trump to run the Environmental Protection Agency. Pruitt, who met with Trump in New York on Wednesday, is also a critic of the Renewable Fuel Standard, having filed arguments against it, and he cheered EPA actions that reduced statutory targets for biofuel usage. He called the RFS a "flawed program." Senate Environment and Public Works Chairman Jim Inhofe, R-Okla., told Agri-Pulse he was thrilled that Trump picked Pruitt. Inhofe said he talks to Pruitt on a weekly basis and described him as "one of my closest friends." Said Inhofe, "He's been my best friend on all these overregulations." In addition to lawsuits against the WOTUS rule and Clean Power Plans, Pruitt has also filed challenges to the Affordable Care Act and the Dodd-Frank law, under which the administration has implemented new regulations on the futures market. Pruitt, who was first elected attorney general in 2010, established a "federalism unit" in the state solicitor general's office to challenge regulations. Pruitt's Linkedin profile describes him as a "national leader in the cause to restore the proper balance of power between the states and federal government." In 2013, Pruitt, who has been open about his support for the state's oil and gas industry, filed a "friend of the court brief" in a lawsuit against EPA over the RFS, arguing that using corn for ethanol increased food prices, and that the biofuel posed a risk to automobile engines. "The evidence is clear that the current ethanol fuel mandate is unworkable," Pruitt said. Pruitt also has questioned the Obama administration's scientific and legal basis for attacking climate change and said that the administration should have sought amendments to the Clean Air Act to give the EPA clearer authority to regulate greenhouse gases. "Scientists continue to disagree about the degree and extent of global warming and its connection to the actions of mankind," he wrote in a joint op-ed with Alabama Attorney General Luther Strange. Dan Pfeiffer, a former adviser to President Obama, posted on his Twitter account that Pruitt was "an existential threat to the planet." But Inhofe said he didn't expect Pruitt to have problems getting confirmed in the Senate. The Oklahoma Farm Bureau issued a statement calling Pruitt's selection to run EPA "a win for farmers and ranchers across the country. As Oklahoma attorney general, Pruitt has been a staunch advocate of agriculture and Oklahoma Farm Bureau. He continuously has defended farmers and ranchers against the EPA and has led the charge in suing the agency over its burdensome regulations such as the Waters of the United States rule and the Clean Power Plan." Source: AgriMarketing
La Nina Barely Hanging On
La Niña’s clinging on by her fingernails! If last year’s big El Niño was likened by some (not us) to a certain monster lizard, this La Niña is more like a gecko. Weak La Niña conditions were present during November, and are favored to continue through the mid-winter. It’s looking more likely that the tropical Pacific will transition to neutral conditions by the January – March period. The temperature of the ocean surface in the Niño3.4 region in the east-central tropical Pacific was about 0.9°C below average during November using the ERSSTv4 data set, and the September – November period was about 0.8°C below average. This is the third three-month period in a row below the La Niña threshold of -0.5°C—this has to last for at least five consecutive three-month periods in order to qualify as a La Niña event by this indicator. Forecasters think we’ll just barely make it. View all graphics here. The atmospheric conditions that we expect with La Niña—stronger-than-average winds, both near the surface and high up in the atmosphere, and more clouds and rain over Indonesia with less over the central and eastern Pacific—have persisted over the past couple of months, although they aren’t particularly impressive. The atmospheric changes are a response to the changes in sea surface temperature, and also act to reinforce them. The forest and the trees Over the past few years, we’ve spent some column inches on “seasonal” versus “subseasonal” climate phenomena. El Niño and La Niña are seasonal, meaning when you average over a period of several months, the signs we look for in the tropical Pacific are consistent. If the overall pattern doesn’t persist for several months, it’s not La Niña. There is always going to be some variation within a season—even a warmer-than-average winter will have some cold snaps mixed in. Overall, November showed La Niña conditions were present. However, there was also some subseasonal activity in the tropics that interfered with the La Niña signals. The Madden-Julian Oscillation, or MJO, is essentially an area of storminess that travels from west to east along the Equator. It’s not always active, but it was during November, with the area of clouds and rain moving through Indonesia and the central Pacific. The surface and upper-atmosphere structure of the MJO for a period when the enhanced convective phase (thunderstorm cloud) is centered across the Indian Ocean and the suppressed convective phase is centered over the west-central Pacific Ocean. Horizontal arrows pointing left represent wind departures from average that are easterly, and arrows pointing right represent wind departures from average that are westerly. The entire system shifts eastward over time, eventually circling the globe and returning to its point of origin.  When this area of clouds, rain, and storms moves through Indonesia and the tropical Pacific, it can enhance or reduce the La Niña patterns. (All this applies to El Niño, too, but I’m going to dance with the one that brought me.) The area of storms is flanked by drier-than-average spots ahead and behind it. At the beginning of November, the pattern of cloudiness over the tropical Pacific looked clearly like La Niña conditions, with more cloudiness than average over Indonesia (responding to warmer ocean waters there) and less over the central Pacific (as La Niña’s cooler waters led to less rising air.) In mid-November, though, the pattern is weaker, as you can see in the middle panel above. It’s still there, but since the MJO was moving through the central Pacific, it interfered with La Niña’s patterns. Specifically, the stormy area of the MJO weakened the drier area associated with La Niña in the central Pacific. Also, the drier area trailing the MJO reduced the rain over Indonesia. The MJO can circle the globe in 1-2 months, and especially speeds through the Western hemisphere. By late November, the stormy area was back in the Indian Ocean. The drier area ahead of the MJO was weakening the La Niña-associated rain over Indonesia. Since the MJO was far away, the La Niña dry area in the middle of the Pacific had reasserted itself. As of early December, the MJO has gone to sleep, and the forecast for MJO through December is uncertain. If you’d like to read about the current MJO status in detail, check here. The animals and the zoo That area of storms has a wind signature, too, as the rising air causes low-level winds to rush in toward the storms. Changes in the near-surface winds can lead to changes in the ocean temperatures, both through cooling or warming the surface and by kicking off Kelvin waves—areas of cooler or warmer subsurface waters that travel eastward under the surface of the Pacific over a few months. My point here is that the effect of subseasonal systems like the MJO can last beyond the immediate impact. It’s too soon to tell if this MJO has had a longer-lasting effect, but we’ll certainly keep our weather eye on the tropical Pacific for the next few months. (We would do it anyway, because that’s our job!) The kangaroos and the outback? If you’re a real ENSO enthusiast, you may have noticed the Bureau of Meteorology, our counterpart in Australia, has updated their forecast, saying that they do not think that La Niña conditions are present, and are unlikely to develop in the coming months. This isn’t as contradictory to what we’re saying as it sounds. Mostly, it’s a good indication of how puny the La Niña conditions are. The Bureau of Meteorology uses a different threshold, requiring the Nino3.4 Index to be cooler than 0.8°C below average (our threshold is 0.5°C below average). Neither threshold is wrong or right, and we’re looking at the same weak atmospheric conditions. The weak La Niña is just one player in the US winter forecast. Check out CPC’s long-range predictions for the outlooks over the next several months. Disclaimer: The ENSO blog is written, edited, and moderated by Michelle L’Heureux (NOAA CPC), Emily Becker and Tom DiLiberto (contractors to CPC), Anthony Barnston (IRI), and Rebecca Lindsey (contractor to NOAA CPO). Posts reflect the views of the bloggers themselves and not necessarily Climate.gov, NOAA, or Columbia University/IRI. Source: Emily Becker, NOAA
Marketing Opportunities May Materialize for Wheat
The U.S. has a pile of wheat to dig through this year, and that means lower prices. But a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service economist said world circumstances could present marketing opportunities in the coming year. Dr. Mark Welch, AgriLife Extension grains marketing economist in College Station, spoke at the recent Texas Wheat Symposium during the annual Amarillo Farm and Ranch Show in Amarillo. “We will be moving in the right direction going forward,” Welch said. “The strong increase we are seeing in grain consumption around the world will help us move through some of this oversupply.” He said grain consumption has risen over the years due to growing average incomes in some countries where the middle class has expanded. “Projected economic growth is around 3 percent in a good portion of the world, including Asia, Africa and South America, and that’s good for what we do,” Welch said. “Wheat use is growing at 1 pound per person per year, in addition to population growth of about 1 percent each year.” Heavy wheat supplies are a result of four consecutive record wheat crops, which has only happened one other time in history, he said. “We currently have a 124-day surplus of wheat on hand, while carryover stocks of the other crops are very close to their average,” Welch said. “Given the strong consumption base, wheat is the only one showing a strong supply while the others show vulnerability in the market.” He said at this point only China is showing potential for a production problem in 2017 across the world. China is a net importer of all major commodities, so this could present some marketing opportunities for U.S. wheat. The U.S. continues to see strong export sales in spite of large local supplies and a strong dollar, Welch said. “In 2017, the most important question will be acreage. We planted the lowest winter wheat acreage in 100 years last year and expect even fewer for 2017.” With a drier-than-normal weather outlook, along with warmer-than-average temperatures in the High Plains, Welch said it is setting up to be a year of marketing opportunities for wheat producers. “I expect some degree of lower production worldwide,” he said. “That combined with continued growth in consumption points to somewhat higher prices in 2017 compared to 2016, though likely not enough to cover total costs of production.” “I expect wheat prices to be about $1 per bushel higher next year if we get a cut in production and the wheat-to-corn price relationship returns to more normal levels. Wheat is currently priced much lower relative to corn compared to historical averages. “But it does present us with some marketing opportunities,” he said. “The big money players are currently betting on higher prices turning the market around.” Welch said producers must know what they have in their crop and be able to recognize the situation when it occurs if they want to be able to take advantage of any opportunities that materialize. “Nobody really knows where prices are going to go. Economic theory teaches that prices will fall back to the cost of production, which means you need to be the lowest-cost producer. That and monitor the market for opportunities.” Source: Texas AgriLife Extension
EPA to Expand Use of Enlist DUO Herbicide
While environmentalists are in an uproar over an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposal that would more than double the number of states allowed to use a new version of the popular weed killer Enlist Duo, agricultural producers across much of the nation are applauding the proposal as a way to prevent yield and profit loss from growing glyphosate resistant weed varieties. Last week EPA officials proposed increasing the number of states authorized to use the weed killer from the existing 15 states to a total of 34 states, action that appears to be contrary to a move last year to vacate the product's registration because it potentially posed a risk of being more toxic to non-targeted plants than first thought. But EPA said that action last November was in direct response to information provided by manufacturer Dow AgroSciences who was the first to indicate the potential for risk to other plants as a result of its use. Enlist Duo was developed using a combination of glyphosate and an updated version of an older herbicide, 2,4-D, in response to a growing problem of herbicide resistance in some genetically engineered crops. Enlist was designed specifically for use in new strains of genetically modified corn and soybeans. After Dow AgroSciences issued those concerns to the agency last year, EPA submitted a court filing with the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals indicating the agency was reconsidering its position on registration as a result of new information from Dow. ENVIRONMENTAL GROUP SUPPORT After that court action last year, environmental groups expressed their support of EPA action. "With this action, EPA confirmed the toxic nature of this lethal cocktail of chemicals, and has stepped back from the brink," said Earthjustice Managing Attorney Paul Achitoff last November. "Glyphosate is a probable carcinogen and is wiping out the monarch butterfly, and 2,4-D also causes serious human health effects, and the combination also threatens endangered wildlife." Following court action last year, Dow AgroSciences issued a statement calling for a rapid resolution to the issue because of pressing needs of U.S. farmers for access to Enlist Duo to counter the rapidly increasing spread of resistant weeds. Company official voiced optimism that new evaluations would result in a prompt resolution of "all outstanding issues." The 2,4-D ingredient used in Enlist is nothing new to farmers, and is currently used on a number of crops including wheat, pastures and on home lawns. It is one of the world's most popular herbicides and the third most popular in the United States. Groups opposed to expanded use of 2,4-D say they are concerned about its toxic effects and the potential for drift that could pose dangers to other plants and people. ENVIRONMENTAL GROUP OUTRAGE While environmentalists were quick to applaud the EPA move last year, they strongly oppose EPA's latest proposal issued last month to expand its use to more states. George Kimbrell, senior attorney with the Center for Food Safety, accused the EPA of "capitulation to the agrichemical industry." The Washington-based advocacy group was among the environmental and food safety groups that sued to rescind approval of Enlist last year. Kimbrell and others opposed to expanded use say they are outraged that the EPA would "suddenly have a change of heart." EPA officials, however, say their decision to expand use of the product is based upon a comprehensive review of Enlist since last year and say they have determined that the product "does not show any increased toxicity to plants and is therefore not of [further] concern." According to an EPA online statement, Enlist Duo was first registered in 2014 for use in GE corn and soybean crops in six states, and later in nine more states. For the latest on southwest agriculture, please check out Southwest Farm Press Daily and receive the latest news right to your inbox. "After completing a rigorous analysis of all the scientific studies, EPA is proposing to amend the registration of Enlist Duo to include use on GE cotton in the existing 15 states. The Agency is also proposing to extend the use of Enlist Duo for GE cotton, corn and soybean crops to an additional 19 states." EPA says when used according to label directions, Enlist Duo is safe for everyone, including infants, the developing fetus, the elderly and more highly exposed groups such as agricultural workers. "Use of Enlist Duo is safe for the environment, including endangered species. EPA assessed risks from the 2,4-D choline salt to endangered species and found no effect on listed species from this active ingredient in the approved use areas when the product is used according to label directions." NEEDED FOR WEEDS Weeds are becoming increasingly resistant to glyphosate-based herbicides and are posing a serious problem for farmers. Dow officials say Enlist Duo provides an additional tool to reduce the spread of glyphosate resistant weeds and they are “requiring certain measures to ensure that use of Enlist Duo successfully manages weed resistance problems.” Dow Chemical Company said in a statement this week that it is "pleased" with the proposal. While the weed killer is currently approved for use on soybeans and corn, the EPA proposal would allow its use in cotton as well. The EPA had previously approved Enlist Duo for use in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. But under terms of the latest proposal, the product could also be used Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia. Public comments to EPA must be submitted by December 1, 2016, to EPA docket #EPA?HQ?OPP?2016?0594 at www.regulations.gov. After the comment period closes, EPA will review all of the comments and reach a final decision, which is expected in early 2017. Source: Logan Hawkes, Southwest Farm Press
Be Sure to stop by the Aurora Service Center for our December ...
Be Sure to stop by the Aurora Service Center for our December Specials!>
Winter Wheat Management Critical to Spring Production
The wheat may be planted, but there’s still a lot of work to do to maximize production, whether for forage, grain or both, said Dr. Jourdan Bell, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service agronomist in Amarillo. Managing irrigation, in-season fertility, diseases and weeds will be critical for wheat producers who already face low crop prices and a predicted dry spring, Bell said. Wheat conditions across the Texas High Plains are variable going into the winter. “There is a lot of dryland wheat that is stressed right now,” she said. “We had good precipitation for early wheat in August and September to get the crop started, but we have had very little since then. We are returning to drought conditions.” Bell said poor dryland wheat stands will not fare well moving into next spring unless the region gets good winter precipitation. “We also have some wheat acres that are very lush due to early season precipitation, irrigation and warm fall temperatures. While the lush fall growth provided good fall forage, it may harbor insects as well as increase the risk for spring diseases, including wheat streak mosaic virus. “Moving forward, there are things we need to do,” she said. “At this point, producers have already made their varietal selections for the year. So we need to focus on agronomic management, including irrigation and fertility. Most wheat varieties use 22 inches of total water, with most of that water use in the spring.” Bell said it will be important for producers to decide how they are going to allocate water to their wheat crop and consider the critical periods for crop water use, especially if the region continues moving into drought conditions. “When we do our wheat ‘Picks’ each year, we take into consideration the whole package, which includes disease susceptibility, drought tolerance and water-use efficiency,” she said. “It is important to look to see which variety is going to perform well under drought conditions and which one is going to produce more wheat per inch of water.” Newer varieties have the potential to yield much higher if managed well, but they still have the same critical time periods for water stress. “Ideally under well-watered conditions, we are able to meet the crop water demand from germination through soft dough,” Bell said. “However, if well capacity or water is limited for wheat production, producers often ask, ‘When are the critical times to irrigate?’” Germination and emergence are key to getting a good stand, she said. Tillering is key to having a good crop going into the winter – wheat planted in September tillers in October/November, which is often ideal for grazed and dual-purpose systems. “Moving into spring, we want to maximize the number of seeds per head so it is critical to hit the jointing stage with water. If water is available, it is also very beneficial to irrigate at flowering.” For those who plant TAM 112 for increased drought tolerance, it is still important to have water at these critical growing stages, she said. Dryland wheat must still have enough stored soil moisture at planting for fall vegetative growth. “This year in some of the areas with limited precipitation, producers got just enough to germinate the crop, but the crop is currently in poor condition because there was not sufficient stored soil moisture to draw from.” When discussing germination, producers need to understand the importance of seedling vigor and realize the bin-saved seed they might have opted to use due to low prices could have resulted in poor germination and seedling vigor, Bell said. Quality seed is needed for good germination and vigor. In-season fertility management is also important to maximize production. It is recommended that producers coordinate their fertility program to the production goal – grain only, dual purpose or grazing only, she said. Generally, the best option is to do a split application, with one in the fall planting and one in late winter. This provides the producer the opportunity to assess field conditions prior to top-dressing and prevent overgrowth in the fall, Bell said. In addition to harboring insects, overgrown wheat will use stored soil moisture. If winter precipitation is not sufficient enough to rebuild soil moisture reserves, there could be a water deficit in the spring as the crop is transitioning into reproductive development She said the best time to top-dress fertilizer is at Feekes 5, around mid-February, to ensure nitrogen is available to the plant by the jointing stage or Feekes 6. Feekes 5 is when the meaningful tillers have developed and the growing point is moving above the soil surface. Because the crop is transitioning from vegetative to reproductive development, this is also when cattle should be pulled off wheat so they don’t graze off that growing point, if the wheat will be carried to grain production, Bell said. “With no soil test, we advise applying 1.2 pounds of nitrogen per acre per bushel yield goal for grain-only production. For dual-purpose wheat, the recommendation is 3.75 pounds of nitrogen per acre per bushel yield goal – 2 pounds at planting to satisfy the forage growth and 1.5 pounds top-dressing in the spring for grain production. “If the wheat is solely for graze out, we recommend 30 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 pounds of forage. While many of our graze-out producers are cutting back on their input costs, maximum forage production is necessary to make wheat pasture profitable,” Bell said. These application rates, however, do not account for the nitrogen in the root zone, she said. “At the current wheat prices, do not apply nitrogen without a soil test. Soil tests account for nitrogen in the soil and could potentially save you thousands of dollars in fertilizer.” And finally, if the spring yield potential looks good, producers will need to determine if it will be economical to manage for disease, she said. There are several modes of action for fungicides, so “you need to be scouting early to determine what products you need to use.” Bell said she conducted a fungicide trial targeting stripe rust at Booker using two application dates – April 2 at early heading to minimize damage to the flag leaf and May 6 at late-flower to address producers’ concerns with saving test weight. The first application provided significant control but the second added very little. “We estimated the first one saved about 20 bushels per acre, so it was effective and paid for itself,” she said. Bell’s final advice to producers was “weed management is critical in the spring – weeds rob the water and nutrients from your crop.” Source: Texas AgriLife Extension
Resistance to Drug of Last Resort Found in Livestock
Carbapenems are one of the most important classes of antibiotics used in humans, and are an important agent against multi-drug resistant bacteria. Now, for the first time, bacteria that carry a transmissible carbapenem resistance gene have been found in agricultural animals in the United States. The research is published in December 5th in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology. Carbapenem resistant bacteria are not uncommon in hospitals. However, in the US, carbapenems are not used in agriculture because of their importance to human health. “It’s a surprise that they would show up in livestock,” said corresponding author, Thomas Wittum, PhD, Professor and Chair of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University. Like many antibiotic resistance genes, the carbapenem resistance gene in this report, called bla IMP-27, is carried by a plasmid. Plasmids are small pieces of independent DNA that can move easily from one bacterium to another, including across species. Additionally, the particular plasmid on which bla IMP-27 was found has one of the widest host ranges of any plasmid, said first author Dixie Mollenkopf, a graduate student in Wittum’s lab. This combination of attributes, and the fact that carbapenem resistance was recently designated an urgent threat to public health by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention led the researchers to investigate whether bacteria with carbapenem resistance genes such as bla-imp-27 might be present in agricultural animals or in agricultural settings, said Wittum. The investigators used gauze swabs to obtain samples from floors and walls of pens, as well as swiffers, to collect environmental and fecal samples from a 1,500 sow, farrow-to-finish pig farm during four visits over five months. Despite all the work they had put into the study, they were still surprised to find carbapenem-resistant bacteria growing in the agar plates, said Mollenkopf. Nonetheless, the numbers of isolates bearing bla IMP-27 were few. Furthermore, the resistance gene was present primarily in environmental samples from the farrowing operation, and the investigators failed to find it in pigs being fattened for slaughter. “There is no evidence the pigs carried the gene into the [human] food supply,” said Wittum. Still, finding the gene at all on this particular farm was somewhat mysterious because no new livestock were introduced on it during the past 50 years, said Wittum. The farm had bred all of its animals during this time. Carbapenems are a subset of β-lactam antibiotics. Β-lactam antibiotics which are not carbapenems are legal for use on farms in the US. This study’s results support the investigators’ hypothesis that the use of Ceftiofur, a β-lactam antibiotic, might be selecting for resistance to carbapenems on farms. The investigators suggest that in light of their results, monitoring farms will be important, to ensure that they do not become a source of bacteria with carbapenem resistance genes such as of bla IMP-27 within the human population. Additionally, “We may need to examine some of the practices of farms, and evaluate whether they are really appropriate, and whether the benefits outweigh the risks,” said Wittum. Such practices include administering Ceftiofur, to all piglets in the farrowing barns rather than just those that happen to sicken, an FDA-approved application known as “disease control.” No threat to food Dr. David Pyburn with the National Pork Board says the Ohio State research shows the bacteria is in NO way a threat to the U.S. food supply. "They were only finding it in the farrowing barn. They were not finding it further down the stream. I guess they might have had a couple of findings in the nursery but absolutely could not find it in the finisher. So it's NOT at the point where you have a market hog ready to go to slaughter so it should not be a threat at all to food safety," says Pyburn. The Ohio State study found CRE in a farrowing barn where the antibiotic ceftiofur was used to prevent disease in piglets. Dr. Pyburn tells Brownfield the FDA says this antibiotic should NEVER be used for general prevention of diseases and ONLY used under the direction of a veterinarian. "We at the Pork Board would just like to remind folks that we just need to be consistent with FDA regulations as well as our pork quality assurance requirements. The antibiotic ceftiofur is really only to be used for the treatment or control of disease and then done with veterinarian oversight and direction," says Pyburn. The Center for Disease Control & Prevention says CRE can be a significant threat to public health because it can be transmitted to humans through meat consumption. But that is not the case with this discovery. Ohio State says it is investigating how CRE was introduced to the farrowing barn. Source: Morning Ag Clips, AgriMarketing
The RFS and Domestic Consumption of Ethanol and Biomass-Based Diesel to 2022
In the farmdoc daily article of November 30, 2016, we examined the magnitude of the "push" in production and consumption of biofuels implied by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) final rulemaking for the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) for 2017 and the biomass-based diesel volume requirement for 2018 announced on November 23rd. Two important questions arose from that analysis. First, given our projection that domestic consumption of conventional ethanol could reach 14.41 billion gallons in 2017, when will domestic consumption reach the statutory mandate of 15 billion gallons and completely eliminate the conventional mandate gap? The answer has important policy implications, including the value of conventional ethanol (D6) RINs. Second, the advanced biofuels mandate for each year from 2014 to 2017 represent a push in production and consumption in that the write down in the total advanced mandate was less than the write down in the cellulosic mandate. That difference is 520 million gallons in 2017, much larger than in the previous two years. An important issue with regards to future implementation of the RFS, then, is the magnitude of the advanced mandate push, if any, under a new Administration. The answer has important implications for the demand for biomass-based diesel, required feedstocks, and the value of biomass-based biodiesel (D4) RINs. We analyze those questions in detail in this article. Read the entire article here.
Effort Spreads Seeds of Destruction
Weed scientists in at least two Midwestern states have been reporting for years that a conservation program meant to provide habitat for pollinating insects is sowing bad seeds — including seeds of the potentially devastating agricultural weed Palmer amaranth — along with the good. Now, researchers at the University of Illinois have traced the weed seeds to at least one source: pollinator habitat seed sold by a company in the Midwest. A tag on the seed mix claims it is 100 percent weed-free. The provider of the seed, whom the researchers declined to name, is one of dozens of companies that sells seed mixes used in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pollinator Habitat Initiative and Conservation Reserve Program. “We’re not going to name the company because we don’t think this is the only one distributing weed seeds in their pollinator seed,” said U. of I. crop sciences professor Aaron Hager, who led the research at Illinois. The USDA and the Farm Services Agency, which helps administer the program, do not license the seed companies or inspect the seed mixes farmers use in the pollinator program, said Yvonne Odom, the executive director of the Champaign County, Illinois FSA. They do review the seed tags, which are supposed to accurately represent the varieties and abundance of seeds in the mix and the presence or absence of weeds, she said. The Illinois team germinated the seeds and grew the plants in a greenhouse to identify them. They found seeds of several species of the genus Amaranthus, including smooth pigweed, waterhemp and Palmer amaranth, a wildly prolific seed producer that grows up to 7 feet tall. Some Palmer amaranth populations are resistant to several groups of herbicides, Hager said. Once established, herbicide-resistant Palmer amaranth is almost impossible to stop. Some cotton farmers in the South have discovered that it can ruin once-productive farmland in only a few years. “There are a lot of scary stories about Palmer amaranth coming from the mid-South,” Hager said. “It’s hard to describe this species as anything less than potentially devastating. It’s put people out of business before.” Herbicide resistance has become such a problem for farmers that reports of illegal herbicide use during the growing season to control resistant weeds are on the rise across the Midwest and South. At least one recent murder, in northeast Arkansas, was directly related to a farmer’s illegal use of the herbicide dicamba to control resistant weeds. So far, researchers have found Palmer amaranth growing in dozens of counties. At least 35 of 48 counties in Iowa with Palmer amaranth infestations, two in Illinois, two in Ohio and one in Indiana saw the problem first on conservation program lands. The University of Minnesota also recently identified its first occurrence of Palmer amaranth in Minnesota, on land enrolled in the pollinator habitat program. (See map.) “These are just the ones that have been detected,” Hager said. Growers and extension educators need proactive guidance on how to prevent the newly introduced Palmer amaranth from moving onto agricultural land, Hager said. “I don’t know whether those enrolled in the pollinator habitat program are allowed the flexibility needed to control these populations,” he said. “We don’t have any issues at all with the concept behind the pollinator habitat program; it’s a good program,” Hager said. “But as a result of this program, we’ve now introduced Palmer amaranth to potentially thousands of acres of land, and we need to know what we are going to be allowed to do to try to stem the spread of it. And we need to do that quickly.” Odom said participants in USDA conservation programs who suspect that they have weeds such as Palmer amaranth growing in their pollinator plots should call their local FSA administrator to report the problem and ask for guidance. She said restricted mowing and applications of herbicides will likely be recommended for such infestations. Source: University of Illinois Extension
Aurora Cooperative is working with local schools and communities to ...
Aurora Cooperative is working with local schools and communities to keep everyone warm this winter! Thanks Tiffany & Rocky for your efforts. http://ow.ly/GRyT306UMeX>
How important is field identification and control of suspected ...
How important is field identification and control of suspected herbicide-resistant weeds? Come and listen to Dr. Jason Norsworthy to find out! Friday, December 16th Younes Conference Center - Kearney, NE 9:00 a.m. ? 1:00 p.m. ? Lunch provided RSVP using the link below or to your local Aurora Cooperative Agronomist: http://bit.do/AuroraSignup>
John Deere Unveils Electric Powered Tractor Prototype
The iconic American machinery manufacturer showcased the new prototype ahead of the Sima show in France next month. While the company dabbled in alternative fuel sources for its full-size agricultural tractors in the past, including a hybrid electric version, this concept called SESAM (Sustainable Energy Supply for Agricultural Machinery) is the first fully powered by a battery pack. Where you would normally find a large diesel engine under the hood, there are stacks of battery packs adding up to 130 kWh of capacity: That's more energy than in Tesla's highest capacity battery pack (100 kWh). SESAM needs it to tow large tools and to perform other tasks, which it can do while in "off mode" without having a large diesel engine running as highlighted by the company in a video released last week. As for power, the vehicle is equipped with two 150 kW electric motors for a total power output of up to 300kW (402hp). John Deere expects that the electric motors will require much less maintenance than a diesel engine. They will also provide redundancy and last longer. John Deere didn't release any detail about the availability of the new machine, but it also announced a new development group focused on the electrification of its machinery. We could soon see more electric machines. It's impressive to see the tractor perform demanding tasks while barely making a sound. Source: AgriMarketing
Post-Harvest Grain-Price Rallies Lift Ag Producers? Spirits
Agricultural producers’ sentiment improved markedly in November, reaching its highest level since October 2015. At 116, the Purdue University/CME Group Ag Economy Barometer–a monthly survey of 400 agricultural producers from across the country–was considerably higher than October 2016’s value of 92 and also compared favorably with the early summer reading of 112 (Figure 1). Reduced pessimism about the future, motivated in part by improving corn and especially soybean prices, was the driving force behind the improvement in this month’s barometer. View all figures here. The Ag Economy Barometer can be broken down into two component indexes: the Index of Future Expectations and the Index of Current Conditions. The November uptick in producer sentiment was attributable primarily to an improvement in the Index of Future Expectations, which increased to 130 in November versus a reading of 95 in October (Figure 2). Meanwhile, producers’ outlook about the current state of the agricultural economy (as measured by the Index of Current Conditions) continued the slow climb that began in September after bottoming out in August 2016. Fall Crop Revenues Trending Higher What was behind the improvement in producer sentiment about the future? Producers’ view of the future was buoyed in part by a significant rally in futures prices for corn and especially soybeans this fall. Importantly, the price rally included not just nearby futures contracts, but extended to prices for both the 2017 and, to a lesser extent, the 2018 harvest. For example, recent November 2017 soybean futures prices were as much as 13 percent higher when compared to their late August lows (Figure 3). The price rally occurred despite record-large harvests of both corn and soybeans this fall, which had been expected to put downward pressure on futures prices. The impact of the price rally was magnified for many corn and soybean producers by their harvest of record yields in 2016. The combination of strengthening commodity prices and record yields is improving the crop revenue picture for producers, providing support not only to their perspective on near-term economic conditions, but also fueling a change in perspective about the future. Better, or Just not Worse? It’s important to note that the jump in producer sentiment was driven in part by fewer respondents with a negative outlook, rather than a notable shift toward a positive outlook on the agricultural economy. For example, each month producers are asked about their expectations for the general agricultural economy over the next 5 years. Shown in Figure 4 are the percentage of respondents expecting overall “Good” and “Bad” financial times (not shown are the neutral responses). From October 2016 to November 2016, the share of respondents expecting “bad times financially” declined dramatically, from 56 percent to 42 percent–a 14 percent decline. Conversely, the share of producers who expect “good times financially” increased from 35 percent to just 37 percent–a 2 percent increase. This suggest that producers as a whole are not necessarily more optimistic, but rather are less pessimistic about the future than earlier in the year. Final Thoughts The Ag Economy Barometer rebounded in November to its highest reading since fall 2015. The barometer rose primarily because of an improvement in agricultural producers’ perspective regarding the future, which was motivated in part by an improvement in soybean and, to a lesser extent, corn prices. Although sentiment improved markedly in November, it’s important to note the shift in producer sentiment is not indicative of a broad-based return to prosperity in U.S. agriculture. Indeed, more producers continue to expect “bad times” than “good times” over the next five years (Figure 4). Furthermore, when asked to look ahead at just the next 12 months, 61 percent of producers responding to the November survey expect “bad times financially” for the general agricultural economy (Figure 5). Perhaps one way to view November’s improvement in producer sentiment is that it reveals a slightly more optimistic outlook regarding what could still be characterized as a difficult time for many agricultural producers. Source: Purdue University
2017 Crop Budgets and Current Prices Say Switch to Soybeans and Expect Low Returns
Current 2017 fall delivery bids for central Illinois are near $10 per bushel for soybeans while corn is near $3.60 per bushel. At those prices, soybeans are projected to be near $80 per acre more profitable than corn, sending a strong signal to switch acres from corn to soybeans. With increased 2017 soybean plantings, consideration should be given to pricing production on additional acres, thereby mitigating some risks associated with soybean price decreases. Returns for 2017 are projected to be low. Corn prices need to approach or exceed $4.00 per bushel before the farm financial position stabilizes in the Corn Belt. Read the entire article here.
A tough, challenging Winter pattern ahead
During the early to middle part of next week, another strong surge of cold air will engulf much of the nation. Cold weather will be especially prominent across the Plains and the northern U.S., with lingering mild conditions expected in Florida and the Southwest. Several waves of wintry precipitation will affect the northern half of the nation, starting Friday in the Northwest. During the weekend and early next week, snow will spread across the northern Plains, Midwest, and Northeast. Continue reading A tough, challenging Winter pattern ahead at Brownfield Ag News.      
Cold wave continues on the northern, central Plains
On the Plains, very cold conditions prevail, with widespread readings below 0? noted Friday morning across the northern half of the region. In areas that remain unfavorably dry, such as the central High Plains, the sudden turn toward cold weather could result in additional stress on poorly established stands of winter wheat. Across the Corn Belt, lake-effect snow squalls continue to cause travel disruptions downwind of the Great Lakes. Elsewhere, cold, dry weather prevails. Continue reading Cold wave continues on the northern, central Plains at Brownfield Ag News.      
Minnesota Milk Producer of the Year
The Minnesota Milk Producers Association Producer of the Year places an emphasis on cow comfort. Blake Otte of Randolph is a fourth generation farmer milking 450 cows along with his wife and children. He says a comfortable cow produces more milk. “When we built the barns, we started out with sand.? Sand just like (on) a beach.? Cows lay down on it very comfortably (and) it’s cool.? Continue reading Minnesota Milk Producer of the Year at Brownfield Ag News.      
Fewer farmers among South Dakota lawmakers
An agriculture lobbyist says educating lawmakers is becoming a bigger challenge because of fewer farmers making laws.? South Dakota Soybean Association lobbyist Lorin Pankratz says there are fewer actively engaged farmers in the South Dakota legislature. ?Yes,? Pankratz told Brownfield Ag News, ?that number gets smaller just about every election.? Educating state lawmakers is getting more difficult than usual, said Pankratz, because the election brought turnover and resulted in fewer active farmers. Continue reading Fewer farmers among South Dakota lawmakers at Brownfield Ag News.      
Commercial demand supports grains and oilseeds
Soybeans were higher on commercial and technical buying. U.S. ending stocks were unchanged with a higher projected average price for the marketing year. World ending stocks were up a little more than a million tons. Soybean meal was higher and bean oil was lower on the adjustment of product spreads. The USDA raised its soybean oil for biodiesel use estimate to 6.2 billion pounds, following the EPA?s RFS revision. However, that could come down as policy directions from proposed EPA head Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt become clearer. Continue reading Commercial demand supports grains and oilseeds at Brownfield Ag News.      
Monsanto?s Fraley, Bayer?s Condon ask for support of merger
Executives from Monsanto and Bayer are asking farmers for their support of the proposed merger of the two companies. ?As reported by AgWeb, Monsanto Chief Technology Officer Robb Fraley and Bayer CEO Liam Condon reinforced to United Soybean Board directors at the USB winter meeting why the companies will provide better service together than they would separately. In an earlier interview with Brownfield Ag News, Condon said the acquisition will result in less time to bring technology to the market. Continue reading Monsanto’s Fraley, Bayer’s Condon ask for support of merger at Brownfield Ag News.      
Milk futures higher, cash dairy mostly lower
In Class III trade at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, milk futures were supported by follow through technical buying, solid demand expectations, and lower USDA milk production estimates. December was up $.03 at $17.10, January was $.15 higher at $16.68, February was up $.20 at $16.88, and March was $.28 higher at $17.01. Cash cheese blocks were down $.0125 at $1.71. There were two trades, one at $1.71 and one at $1.7175. Continue reading Milk futures higher, cash dairy mostly lower at Brownfield Ag News.      
Input requested on Michigan specialty crop grants
The Michigan Department of Agriculture is requesting public comment on the state?s specialty crop block grant program. The grant program funds projects to improve the competitiveness of Michigan specialty crops including fruits, vegetables, nuts, horticultural and nursery crops. Comments are being accepted through January 12th and will be considered when developing program priorities for 2017.? Nearly $2 million were awarded to 20 projects this year through the program. Continue reading Input requested on Michigan specialty crop grants at Brownfield Ag News.      
USDA lowers milk production outlook
The USDA lowered its milk production outlook for 2016 and 2017, citing slower than expected growth in the U.S. dairy herd. Production this year is seen at 212.4 billion pounds, down 100 million, and next year is pegged at 216.8 billion pounds, 200 million lower. The lower production is expected to boost milk prices, with the average 2016 price for all milk seen at $16.05 to $16.15 per hundredweight and 2017 projected at $16.85 to $17.65. Continue reading USDA lowers milk production outlook at Brownfield Ag News.      
USDA leaves U.S. corn, soybean, wheat ending stocks unchanged
The USDA made no changes to its domestic supply and demand estimates. Ending stocks for U.S. corn, soybeans, and wheat held from November, but the USDA did raise its average expected farm prices. The Ag Department raised world ending stocks estimates, expecting bigger production from a number of nations, including some key export competitors. The USDA’s next set of supply and demand estimates is out January 12th, along with the final 2016 U.S. Continue reading USDA leaves U.S. corn, soybean, wheat ending stocks unchanged at Brownfield Ag News.      
Roads, water, immigration top WFBF issues
  The President of Wisconsin Farm Bureau says many of this year?s big issues affecting Wisconsin farmers will carry into 2017. Jim Holte tells Brownfield, “The critical issues probably are transportation funding, high capacity wells for irrigation and livestock needs, certainly also water quality and how we go forward to better protect our resources across the urban?and rural landscapes.? Holte tells Brownfield he?s hopeful political change at the national level brings much-needed relief to farmers. ? Continue reading Roads, water, immigration top WFBF issues at Brownfield Ag News.      
Healthcare costs primary driver for special session
The Minnesota Farmers Union director of government relations says escalating health care costs are the primary driver for a possible special session later this month. Thom Petersen tells Brownfield legislators recognize time is running out to assist more than 200,000 Minnesotans on individual health insurance plans who have seen premiums climb as much as 60 percent in the last year. “The Governor has proposed a 25 percent credit to reduce (costs) for people that don’t qualify for the MnSure subsidy or federal subsidy.? Continue reading Healthcare costs primary driver for special session at Brownfield Ag News.      
Minnesota Livestock Investment Grants awarded
The Minnesota Department of Agriculture has awarded two million dollars in Livestock Investment Grants to more than 100 Minnesota farmers. Lt. Governor Tina Smith says both large and small livestock farms add value to Minnesota?s economy, and through the years this initiative has helped hundreds of farmers expand and diversify their businesses. The Livestock Investment Grant program is one of several grants funded by the Agricultural Growth, Research and Innovation program established by the state Legislature. Continue reading Minnesota Livestock Investment Grants awarded at Brownfield Ag News.      
Missouri Farm Bureau sets top Farm Bill priorities
Missouri Farm Bureau delegates adopted a set of principles for the next federal farm bill at their recent annual meeting. Their president, Blake Hurst, tells Brownfield Ag News there are several top priorities, ?Missouri Farm Bureau members supported considering cottonseed as an oil seed and emphasized the fact that the most important part of the Farm Bill to our members is crop insurance.? Hurst says members say the Margin Protection Program for dairy producers must be changed or replaced, ?One of our members spoke rather passionately on the floor about the decline in numbers in dairy producers and it is ? it?s a problem. Continue reading Missouri Farm Bureau sets top Farm Bill priorities at Brownfield Ag News.      
Machinery purchase considerations for bottom line
Accelerated depreciation is a way to reduce taxable income on crop farms but an Ag Economics professor says there is more growers can do to help their bottom line. Mike Langemeir with Purdue University tells Brownfield machinery purchases need to be balanced with the total impact on the farm, ?I?ve just been telling people that when you?re buying assets just be very, very careful that you analyze that asset purchase on liquidity.? He says tax strategies ARE important, but, ?When we look at equipment, besides look at the possible tax benefits of buying some machinery ? the tax benefits are many times associated with section 179 and bonus depreciation ? we always need to ask our self, ?What are the benefits of buying this machinery??? Mike Langemeir says farmers need to ask if they can farm more acres, reduce repairs, get higher yields. Continue reading Machinery purchase considerations for bottom line at Brownfield Ag News.      
It's Politics as Usual
Cattle Outlook: Slight Projection Changes from USDA
Only minor changes are projected by the latest WASDE report for beef production and cattle prices.
Senate Approves Spending, WRDA Bills
The Senate voted late Friday night to approve a must-pass spending bill, ending the threat of a short-term government shutdown. Meanwhile, the Senate early Saturday cleared a water resources measure. Both bills are headed to President Barack Obama who will sign them into law.
Gulke: No News Isn't Bad News for USDA Reports
There wasn’t anything to get excited about in regard to USDA’s monthly WASDE and Crop Production reports. Though, that was to be expected, says Jerry Gulke, president of The Gulke Group. 
The Fire is So Delightful
The opening lyrics to the song ?Let It Snow? are ?Well the weather outside is frightful, but the fire is so delightful.? This phrase one came to mind as I compared the frigid US weather forecast with the buying heat showing up in a number of commodity markets this week. We?re getting a spell of much below normal temperatures as a polar air mass broke off and is moving into the central US. It presents some challenges for cattlemen in particular, and some worry for wheat growers.
Trump Team Memo Hints at Big Shake-Up of U.S. Energy Policy (1)
Trump Team Memo Hints at Big Shake-Up of U.S. Energy Policy (1)
What to Expect From Diesel, Fertilizer in Weeks Ahead
Now that harvest is over, farmers are focusing on the year ahead and making important decisions in the winter. 
Grain and Soybean Futures Benefit From Fund Buying to End Week
LimelightPlayerUtil.initEmbed('limelight_player_224516'); Pro Farmer’s Julianne Johnston provides closing market commentary. ​
Century-Old Weed Seeds Sprout New Growth
Many grasses and annual weed seeds have a relatively short life, two to five years, but researchers are finding other seeds to be more resilient. The Weed Science Society of America (WSSA) recently released a fact sheet with information about weed seed dormancy.
December WASDE Report Quiet as USDA Makes No Changes
No changes were made, not even minor ones, in Friday's USDA crop production report. Crop production numbers and ending stocks were the same as November. Ending stocks were close to analysts' estimates.  
Weekly Cash Comments - December 09
The Top 5 Farmer Regrets of 2016
Hindsight is 20/20, as they say, and this is the time of year farmers tend to look back at the prior season and think about what they might have done differently – if they could have had a do-over.
Adama, SwarmFarm Robotics to Take Collaboration to More Global Markets
Adama Agricultural Solutions will be expanding its collaboration with SwarmFarm Robotics globally, aiming to bring innovative robotics solutions to farmers worldwide. Following Adama’s and SwarmFarm’s successful collaboration in Australia, launched in 2015, it was decided to take the collaboration to additional global markets while capitalizing on Adama’s comprehensive commercial platform in over 100 countries worldwide. As part of the collaboration, Adama and SwarmFarm will work together to develop new, simplified solutions around resistant weeds, labor, application timing and efficacy, using Adama’s unique crop protection products applied by the SwarmFarm platform. SwarmFarm has developed the world?s first ?swarming? robotic machines, which work in groups to undertake key tasks of cropping systems, such as planting, weed and pest control, fertiliser application, irrigation and harvesting more accurately and efficiently than large farm machinery. The precision of these lightweight, small robotic machines encourages environmental sustainability and allows farmers to reduce their costs ? both of labor and of crop inputs. The “swarms” of robots developed by SwarmFarm are autonomous and communicate with each other in a way that prevents collisions, allowing the robots to work simultaneously throughout the field. This technology also enables the robots to detect each other and know which part of the field has already been assessed and sprayed. The robots’ small size was designed to prevent soil compaction and to adjust to any scale of farming. Dani Harari, SVP Strategy and Resources at Adama, said “We are excited to collaborate with SwarmFarm to introduce new, innovative solutions to agriculture. Our partnership with SwarmFarm allows us to enhance our offering in order to provide growers with a comprehensive portfolio of unique products and services, which simplify farmers’ lives and help them grow”. Andrew Bate, co-founder and Managing Director of SwarmFarm, commented: “We are delighted to partner with Adama to take this ground breaking technology to farmers across the globe.? As a start-up ag-tech company we face a significant sales, marketing and distribution challenge ? by working with Adama and utilising their established channels we can take our products to market far more easily. ?Together, Adama and SwarmFarm Robotics will make a big difference in improving the performance of current farming systems and thereby the financial viability of farmers internationally.?
USDA Report Out Later this Morning
Holiday Influence on Input Prices
LimelightPlayerUtil.initEmbed('limelight_player_171961'); Pro Farmer's Julianne Johnston and Input Monitor's Davis Michaelsen discuss input prices for this week's Profit Briefing segment on AgDay TV.